The Father Concept in the Trinity
*Theology Thursday* — The Father is a distinct person from the Son and the Spirit, and the concept of God as Father is an Old Testament concept. It is part of Judaism. The idea of God as a heavenly Father wasn’t new to Jesus of Nazareth. He was right in line with traditional Jewish thinking.
Psalm 89:26 “He shall cry to me, ‘Thou art my Father, my God, and the Rock of my salvation.’” God is referred to as Father.
Isaiah 63:16 “For thou art our Father, though Abraham does not know us, and Israel does not acknowledge us; thou, O LORD, art our Father, our Redeemer from of old is thy name.”
This concept of God as a heavenly Father lays at the center of Jesus’ own worship and faith. When Jesus taught his disciples to pray, he told them this: “Pray then like this, ‘Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.”
The word in Greek for “God,” is ho theos – and usually refers to the Father in the New Testament. When the New Testament writers talk about “God,” they are typically talking about the Father. The Father is the one who is “ho theos.”
It is God who is the one to whom we cry, “Abba, Father!,” and he has sent the Spirit of his Son, Jesus Christ, into our hearts to respond to God the Father in that way. When the New Testament talks about “God” (ho theos), the reference is almost always distinct to God the Father.