The Steady State Put to Rest
*Sunday Science* — The efforts to come up with alternatives to the Big Bang have dramatically increased in recent years. Many scientists are bothered by the fact that the beginning of the universe needs a Creator. Albert Einstein admitted it “irritated” him, British astronomer Arthur Eddington called it “repugnant”, MIT’s Phillip Morrison said, “I would like to reject it”.
Agnostic Robert Jastrow said it was “distasteful” adding: “There is a kind of religion in science … Every event can be explained in a rational way as the product of a previous event … there is no First Cause … This religious faith of the scientist is violated by the discovery that the world had a beginning under conditions in which the known laws of physics are not valid, and as a product of forces or circumstances we cannot discover. When that happens, the scientist has lost control. If he really examined the implications, He would be traumatized.”
This attitude has fueled efforts to avoid the idea of the Big Bang. One example is the Steady State theory of 1948. It says that the universe is expanding and as galaxies move away from each other, new matter comes into being out of nothing to fill the empty space. This completely contradicts the First Law of Thermodynamics, which says matter is neither created nor destroyed. Also, this theory has never secured a single piece of experimental verification.